ԴՄԻՏՐԻ ՍԱՐԳՍԵԱՆ / DMITRI SARGSYAN
Արցախը Ուրարտական դարաշրջանում
Artsakh in the Urartian Era
2010 / 1 - 2,
The article states that the four countries of Adakhuni, Uelikukhi (Gegharkunik), Luerukhi, Arkukini were situated on one shore of Lake Sevan, whereas the nineteen countries of the “high mountains” were situated on the other side. These countries were included in the union of the Urtekhini (according to “Geography” – Ashkharhatsuyts) tribal unity, as mentioned in cuneiform inscriptions.
The roots of some of the names of the nineteen countries of Urtekhini-Artsakh match the names of certain countries of the Urartian Empire. This fact confirmed the evidence that Urtekhini-Artsakh was linked to the Urartian territory of the Armenian Highlands.
Some of the nineteen country names of Urtekhini-Artsakh originate from the Armenian language base. This was a proof that the Urtekhini-Artsakh tribal union had Armenian origins. Therefore the Urartian countries, like Urtekhini-Artsakh situated in the area, also had Armenian origins.
According to the cuneiform inscriptions written in Persian and Elamitic, the country was called Armina while in the Latin translation of the Bible it was called Armenia. Although the kings of Urartu named their country Biainili, one of them, Rusa I in his bilingual cueniform inscriptions translated it as Urartu.
In contrast, the Armenians started to name their country from the XII century B.C., when the modern or natural human (Homo sapiens) came to replace the primitive humans, and instead of the above mentioned foreign names they called it Hayk or Hayastan.